Miniature adobes were made using a wooden mold and a clay/sand mix. They were air dried and then laid up without tools, using the same mix for mortar. The photo below shows Norbert Senf and Heikki Hyytiainen doing the layup (and having a good time). The oven was finished with a layer of vermiculite concrete and topped off with cement plaster. The first photo is a picture of the oven in 1996, still going strong. The clay inside the baking chamber has fired to a pink color.
Click on the thumbnail images for an enlarged view.
Adobe Oven at Carmel Mission
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